Are Functional Mushrooms Psychedelic or Hallucinogenic?

Magic mushrooms have long been associated with psychedelic experiences, but did you know that there is a different category of mushrooms known as functional mushrooms? These mushrooms, also known as adaptogenic mushrooms, have gained popularity recently due to their potential health benefits. 

Understanding Functional Mushrooms

Functional mushrooms, also known as medicinal mushrooms, are a group of fungi that have been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine. These mushrooms are believed to possess adaptogenic properties, meaning they help the body adapt to various stressors. Some of the most popular types of functional mushrooms include reishi, cordyceps, chaga, lion’s mane, and turkey tail. While they have similar health benefits, each mushroom has its unique properties and effects on the body.

Psychedelic Mushrooms and Their Effects

While functional mushrooms offer numerous health benefits, it's important to make a distinction between functional mushrooms and psychedelic mushrooms, which contain psilocybin, a psychoactive compound. Psychedelic mushrooms, often referred to as magic mushrooms, have been used for spiritual and therapeutic purposes for centuries due to their psychedelic effects. These effects can include altered perception, mood, and cognition, leading to experiences that are often described as mind-expanding or hallucinogenic.

What is Psilocybin?

Psilocybin is the main psychoactive compound found in psychedelic mushrooms. When consumed, psilocybin is metabolized into psilocin, which interacts with serotonin receptors in the brain, primarily the 5-HT2A receptors. This interaction leads to psychedelic effects, altering perception, mood, and cognition.

The subjective effects of psilocybin can vary depending on various factors, including dosage, set, and setting. Set refers to an individual's mindset and expectations, while setting refers to the physical, social, and environmental context of the psychedelic experience.

How Does Psilocybin Work?

Psilocybin affects the brain by binding to serotonin receptors, particularly the 5-HT2A receptors. This binding triggers a cascade of effects, leading to altered brain activity and changes in consciousness.

Research suggests that psilocybin may increase brain connectivity and neurogenesis, promoting brain health and potentially benefiting conditions such as depression and anxiety. Studies have also shown that psilocybin can induce changes in brain networks related to self-reflection, empathy, and cognitive function.

Risks and Side Effects of Psychedelic Mushrooms

Now, let's shift our focus back to psychedelic mushrooms and discuss the potential risks and side effects associated with their use. While psychedelic experiences can be profound and transformative for some individuals, it's essential to be aware of the potential risks and adverse effects.

Potential Risks of Psychedelic Mushrooms

Consuming psychedelic mushrooms comes with potential risks, including the possibility of having a "bad trip." A bad trip refers to a psychologically distressing experience that can include anxiety, panic, or paranoia. Additionally, psychedelic mushrooms can lead to addiction in some individuals, as psilocybin has the potential for abuse.

Another risk associated with psychedelic mushrooms is the potential for psychosis, particularly in individuals with a predisposition to psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. It's crucial to approach the use of psychedelic mushrooms with caution, being mindful of dosage, set, and setting, and avoiding use in individuals with a history of mental health conditions.

Long-Term Side Effects

The long-term side effects of psychedelic mushrooms are still being studied, and much research is needed to fully understand their implications. However, some studies have suggested a potential link between psychedelic mushroom use and long-term side effects, such as cluster headaches. These headaches, characterized by severe and recurring pain, can occur long after the psychedelic experience.

Additionally, individuals with a predisposition to schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders may be at risk of exacerbating symptoms or triggering psychosis through the use of psychedelic mushrooms. Further research is necessary to determine specific long-term effects and risks associated with psychedelic mushroom consumption.

Are Functional Mushroom Supplements Safe?

When considering functional mushroom supplements, it's natural to wonder about their safety. In the United States, functional mushroom supplements are generally considered safe when used as directed. However, it's important to note that regulations and oversight may vary between countries.

As with any supplement, it's crucial to follow dosage instructions provided by reputable manufacturers and consult with a healthcare professional if necessary, especially if you have specific health concerns or are taking other medications.

Functional mushroom supplements are typically produced from mushroom fruiting bodies, mycelium, or a combination of both. Reputable manufacturers will ensure quality and purity, providing supplements free from contaminants and properly labeled.

It's worth noting that functional mushroom supplements should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment. While functional mushrooms offer potential health benefits, they should complement, not replace, traditional medical approaches. As always, it's wise to consult with a healthcare professional before adding any new supplements to your wellness routine.


In conclusion, functional mushrooms have gained popularity for their potential health benefits, including immune system support, mental health benefits, and improvements in skin and gut health. However, it is important to differentiate between functional mushrooms and psychedelic mushrooms. Psychedelic mushrooms contain psilocybin, a hallucinogenic compound that can have profound effects on perception and consciousness. While research on the therapeutic uses of psychedelic mushrooms is ongoing, it is essential to understand the potential risks and long-term side effects associated with their use. Functional mushrooms have shown promise in modern medicine, and further research may uncover even more applications. If you found this information valuable, please share it on social media to spread awareness about the benefits and risks of functional and psychedelic mushrooms. With all of the clinical studies showing the powerful benefits of functional mushrooms for your health, don’t you owe it to yourself to add this to your daily routine?